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Checklist: Buying a business

Protect yourself when buying a business.

On this page

  • Contract information
  • Things to watch out for
  • One page action plan
Be clear about the sales process to minimise your risk and protect your investment. A lawyer or accountant will be able to guide you through the sales process.

Before you sign the contract

Read and check the documentation

Following your assessment, manage the risk of buying the business by:

  1. ensuring the seller provides you with the contract of sale, copy of lease, Section 52 statement (also known as the Vendor's Statement). A sample copy is available at Consumer Affairs Victoria (CAV)
  2. checking if a performance clause can be inserted within the contract that specifies the minimum takings of the business over an appropriate period leading up to settlement
  3. insisting on the right to work on the business preferably before entering into a binding contract or at least prior to settlement. This helps you to assess the veracity of the seller's claims
  4. checking the financial records carefully
  5. making the transfer of important existing contracts to be a condition of sale
  6. structuring the payment of the sale in stages. Some part of the purchase price could be retained for a certain period and if necessary placed in trust with a solicitor or estate agent
  7. ensuring any representations made by the seller, whether written or otherwise, are guaranteed by the seller as correct and that this guarantee is incorporated as a condition in the contract
  8. inserting a restraint of trade clause in the contract. This will restrict the previous owner from operating a similar business within a certain distance for a number of years.

Preparation of transfer

Prior to the transfer, you should:

  1. prepare the proposed assignment of lease
  2. use ASIC's business name register and company and other registers to search the name of the existing business to ensure that the seller has free and clear ownership of the business and has full rights to transfer the business to you

    Business name register

    Company and other registers

  3. know if the seller owns the business premise and is transferring the title to you.  If so, use LandData's online search service to ensure that the seller has free and clear ownership of the premise

    Titles, properties and certificates register

  4. ensure that existing contracts are transferred to you as part of the contract terms.

When you sign the contract

Once the preliminary steps have been taken, upon signing, you should:

  1. ensure the seller provides the signed contract
  2. return a signed copy of contract to seller
  3. pay the preliminary or full deposit and seller to supply receipt for deposit.

Immediately after settlement

Once the contract has been signed, you should:

  1. lodge applications for transfer of registration of business name. Read more about transferring your business name with ASIC.
  2. transfer all necessary permits, licences, registrations and certificates. The will help you understand which licences you need to transfer.

Australian Business Licence and Information Service

Things to watch out for

Failure to disclose information 

You should be wary of a seller who is failing to disclose important information such as why they are selling, the lease, licences and permits; and staff.

Poor business performance 

Be wary of sellers who are subject to pending litigation, have a record of customer complaints, talk up the cash trading and drop the sale of their products or services to bump up gross sales before selling the business. Make sure the business you buy is not overvalued by completing financial due diligence (having an accountant analyse the financial information provided by sellers to see if a business is profitable).

Sellers behaving badly 

Watch out for sellers who won’t allow a trial period, won’t introduce you to suppliers, the landlord or estate agent, make the deal seem too good to be true (it probably is), are keen to close the deal quickly and give in too easily to an offer.

External issues

Look out for a business that own rights over copyright or other intellectual property, landlords who only give short leases and leaseholders who offer the business for sale at reduced price but then offer you the same lease at a premium.

Set your goals

Even though you're planning to buy an existing business, it is essential to review the current operating processes, cash flow, and marketing strategies to see if they need refreshing. It is also good to set goals on how you want your business to look over time.Our one page action plan helps you to take quick action on the goals you have set.

One page action plan (DOCX 35.87 KB)DOCX icon